Springboot生成图片验证码并验证

Springboot如何生成图片验证码并验证

Springboot生成图片验证码并验证

1.添加依赖

<dependency>
       <groupId>com.github.penggle</groupId>
       <artifactId>kaptcha</artifactId>
       <version>2.3.2</version>
</dependency>

2. 编写工具类:ValidateCodeUtil和配置类ValidateCodeConfig

import com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultKaptcha;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

public class ValidateCodeUtil {

    /**
     * 生成验证码图片
     * @param request 设置session
     * @param response 转成图片
     * @param captchaProducer 生成图片方法类
     * @param validateSessionKey session名称
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void validateCode(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, DefaultKaptcha captchaProducer, String validateSessionKey) throws Exception{
        // Set to expire far in the past.
        response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
        // Set standard HTTP/1.1 no-cache headers.
        response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate");
        // Set IE extended HTTP/1.1 no-cache headers (use addHeader).
        response.addHeader("Cache-Control", "post-check=0, pre-check=0");
        // Set standard HTTP/1.0 no-cache header.
        response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");

        // return a jpeg
        response.setContentType("image/jpeg");

        // create the text for the image
        String capText = captchaProducer.createText();

        // store the text in the session
        request.getSession().setAttribute(validateSessionKey, capText);

        // create the image with the text
        BufferedImage bi = captchaProducer.createImage(capText);

        ServletOutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();

        // write the data out
        ImageIO.write(bi, "jpg", out);
        try {
            out.flush();
        } finally {
            out.close();
        }
    }
}

ValidateCodeConfig类


import com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultKaptcha;
import com.google.code.kaptcha.util.Config;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.Properties;

@Component
public class ValidateCodeConfig {

    @Bean
    public DefaultKaptcha getDefaultKaptcha() {
        DefaultKaptcha defaultKaptcha = new DefaultKaptcha();
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        // 图片边框
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.border", "no");
        // 边框颜色
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.border.color", "black");
        //边框厚度
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.border.thickness", "1");
        // 图片宽
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.width", "200");
        // 图片高
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.image.height", "50");
        //图片实现类
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.producer.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultKaptcha");
        //文本实现类
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.text.impl.DefaultTextCreator");
        //文本集合,验证码值从此集合中获取
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.string", "01234567890");
        //验证码长度
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.length", "4");
        //字体
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.font.names", "宋体");
        //字体颜色
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.font.color", "black");
        //文字间隔
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.textproducer.char.space", "5");
        //干扰实现类
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.noise.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultNoise");
        //干扰颜色
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.noise.color", "blue");
        //干扰图片样式
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.obscurificator.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.WaterRipple");
        //背景实现类
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.background.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.impl.DefaultBackground");
        //背景颜色渐变,结束颜色
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.background.clear.to", "white");
        //文字渲染器
        properties.setProperty("kaptcha.word.impl", "com.google.code.kaptcha.text.impl.DefaultWordRenderer");
        Config config = new Config(properties);
        defaultKaptcha.setConfig(config);
        return defaultKaptcha;
    }
}

3.controller

因为生成验证码时是写入session里的,校验时从session里校验即可

    @Resource
    private DefaultKaptcha captchaProducer;    
/**
     * 登录验证码SessionKey
     */
    public static final String LOGIN_VALIDATE_CODE = "login_validate_code";
    /**
     * 登录验证码图片
     */
    @RequestMapping(value = {"/getValidateCode"})
    public void getValidateCode(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception{
        ValidateCodeUtil.validateCode(request,response,captchaProducer,LOGIN_VALIDATE_CODE);
    }

/**
     * 检查验证码是否正确(一般校验写在登录接口)
     */
    @RequestMapping("/checkValidateCode")
    @ResponseBody
    public HashMap checkValidateCode(HttpServletRequest request, @RequestParam("validateCode")String validateCode) {
        String loginValidateCode = request.getSession().getAttribute(LOGIN_VALIDATE_CODE).toString();
        HashMap<String,Object> map = new HashMap<String,Object>();
        if(loginValidateCode == null){
            map.put("status",null);//验证码过期
        }else if(loginValidateCode.equals(validateCode)){
            map.put("status",true);//验证码正确
        }else if(!loginValidateCode.equals(validateCode)){
            map.put("status",false);//验证码不正确
        }
        map.put("code",200);
        return map;
    }

4.前端(vue)

因为后端返回的是图片,需要用 window.URL.createObjectURL(result);

<img
                    @click="changeCode"
                    :src="identifyCodeImg"
                  />

data() {
    return {
      identifyCodeImg: null,
    };
  },
methods: {
    changeCode() {
      this.loginForm.identifyCode = "";
      this.getLoginValidateCode();
    },
    // 获取登录验证码
    async getLoginValidateCode() {
      let params = {};
      await this.$api.common
        .loginValidateCode(params)
        .then((result) => {
          this.identifyCodeImg = window.URL.createObjectURL(result);
        })
        .catch((error) => {
          console.log(error);
        });
    },
},
  mounted() {
    this.getLoginValidateCode(); // 获取登录验证码
  },

5.注意:前端用axios的话,需要设置withCredentials参数

axios.defaults.withCredentials =true

参考自
https://www.jianshu.com/p/e9f7f9d93b20

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